Although they make a better coup or penned bird than a free-range, during the summer when the temps are up and the forage is readily available, they will also make a fine free-range chicken too. Bulls should be in good body condition at the start of breeding season to insure adequate sperm production for breeding the cows. Despite the fact they are not a breed of chicken, sex-links are an incredibly. He has a rowboat, and it can only carry him and one other thing. Generally, in backyard poultry, local, indigenous birds are reared. The hen could lay up to 180 bluish and greenish eggs per year. Calculators for other species. Sonny Lagon (Blue Blade Gamefarm) Full Episode - Duration: 56:51. I wll every year buy trade to get some new blood into my flock last year There was a tro of eastereggers the year before some brown leggerns the year before a big RIRed rooster and some new hampshire hens. Many times I have recived negative feedback from show breeders reguarding my breeding tactics because they think that the birds should not be. Whether you are planning to get chickens or already have your flock, take a look at our list of the 10 most popular chicken breeds for beginner backyard chicken owners. Chicken or turkey, whole: 1 to 2 days: 1 year: Chicken or turkey, pieces: 1 to 2 days: 9 months: Eggs: Raw eggs in shell: 3 to 5 weeks: Do not freeze. The biggest misnomer circulating the WK Community, dealing with in hybrid breeding is, “Do the parents have to be a pure species?”. Here’s a guide to breeding black sex link chickens plus many other sex link chickens colors. This might mean they all have the same comb type, the same number of. These include genetics,. Carry on, line breeding for a year, then out crossing for a year. The change chocolate in the chicken was observed for the first time in 1994, and precisely from Clive Carefoot in its breeding - - -. There are probably more charts out there so if anyone knows where they came from, I would love to hear from you. What I found interesting about the chart is that you see the growth curve peak at 6 to 10 weeks for each type of chicken. A famous cocker, Tan Bark once said that "Good breeding is only a matter of intelligent selection of brood fowl…" (Tan Bark, Game Chickens and How to Breed Them, 1964, p. When breeding blue poultry, it is important to recognize that the color blue is not a dominant gene. The Kuroiler chickens offer a significant improvement in virtually all areas of breeding. Studies have shown that. I plan to breed and sell Cochins, Silkies, and. This method only resulted in 9/9/9 for me. Bantams; Standards (Large Fowl) Friendliest breeds; White Egg Layers. All chickens above 3 kg in weight are considered as heavy breeds. They are inquisite and social medium sized birds. I’m going to give you a few common breeds to work with, but the information you will need is only a Google search away. I have no idea where they came from or who deserves the credit for the work. Getting Started: Five Basics of Breeding Chickens. However, distinct breeds are the result of selective breeding to emphasize certain traits. A chicken with a walnut comb has one of four possible gene combinations: RRPP, RrPP, RRPp, or RrPp. Have your own how to videos? Submit them to share with the world. Great Dog Info. Black Copper Marans (pronounced Maran when singular, but ALWAYS spelled 'Marans') chickens are a relatively old breed. Make your own Genetic Calculator. Sussex chickens are a wonderful breed for a small farm or homestead, being active and all-around an excellent breed for meat and eggs. Unless you have lots of acreage, cheap labor, and a ton of money, you cannot produce quality breeding stock, show goats, and slaughter animals. ISA Brown Chicken Breed is one of the most sought after chicken breeds in the world. It is not a comprehensive list, but it should cover pretty much any chicken you might be thinking of keeping in your backyard. Cross-Breeding Chickens for Eggs and Sex-Linking If you are going to go into cross-breeding chickens, you need to know what the off-spring will look like. As long as. But the search continued to look for free range Cornish Cross chickens. An Olive Egger, a chicken that lays olive green eggs, is the product of a cross between a hen and rooster that are from a brown egg and a blue egg laying breed. This cross is considered to be a heavier breed, and their disposition is calmer than the pure Leghorn chicken breed. Chicks can be color sexed at hatching since all males will be white and females will be gold with some white. Sex link chickens are the result of a first generation cross between two different chicken breeds. Studies have shown that. The bacteria are found in foods made by hand and then improperly refrigerated, such as chicken salad. And you must be willing to cull any defective. It has a well-rounded body shape. The type that we purchase has always been the Jumbo Cornish X Rocks, that is, until this year. Marans lay around 150 dark brown eggs each year. Crossbreeding beef cattle offers two primary advantages relative to the use of only one breed: 1) crossbred animals exhibit heterosis (hybrid vigor), and 2) crossbred animals combine the strengths of the various breeds used to form the cross. Layer Fancy: Rumpless Ear Tufts: According to the latest theory I've seen, the breed was developed in Chile from a cross between the Collonca and the Queteros, two of several different blue egg-laying chicken breeds and introduced to North American in 1921. Kenchic developed this breed as a replacement for indigenous village chicken. Calculators for other species. Advanced Backcross Breeding. Tractor Supply has everything you need from pet food to power equipment, and the expertise to give you sound advice along the way. In addition, there are too many sex-link strains and varieties to make their inclusion practical, and for many. The Penn State Extension is a good resource on breed-specific confirmation. This cross is considered to be a heavier breed, and their disposition is calmer than the pure Leghorn chicken breed. The Red Sex Link Chicken is a cross breed created from a Rhode Island Red or New Hampshire rooster and a White Rock, Silver Laced Wyandotte, Rhode Island White or Delaware hen. As you've seen in stores, chicken eggs come in white and medium to light brown. Finding out what your end product will be is a very long process since it takes a chicken any where from 6 to 8 months or longer to produce that first egg. Highly recommend doing business with Chicken Ridge. That and being able to wear a live chicken as a corsage at a moment’s notice if need be. Variety Platter - Super Sampler. See more ideas about Chicken breeds, Bantam chickens, Bantam chicken breeds. Guide to Breeding Leopard Geckos on a Small Scale. The Frizzle chicken is a breed that has been around for some time - since the 1600s! - but has recently risen to popularity. Inspiration and Ideas Tips & Tricks 15 Ground Beef Dinner Recipes. 4-fold reduction (McKay, 2008). The disadvantages are that they can't be kept for breeding (they don't breed true), and the roosters don't make good meat birds. Raising Chickens 2. Whatever your reasons for breeding chickens, this introduction guide will give you a basic understanding of what you need to know. Selective breeding to your goals can take half the time compared to breeding a chicken to the Standard of Perfection. Chicken Breed Chart to Help Choose Your Chicken Chicken Breed Picture Bird Size lb. In this system, the progeny resulting from the cross of two breeds are usually all sold for slaughter or to another commercial breeder. The Embden (left) originated in Germany, but is a popular breed in the UK and USA. It has red plumage throughout its body with white down feathering showing through. Cornish Cross. Back to Breeds. It's a comprehensive list of breeds, with their origins, egg-laying potential, heat- and cold-tolerance, and notes on their behavior. A Note on the Cornish Cross: Whether you know it or not, the Cornish Cross is the chicken you’ve grown accustomed to eating. They do well in small to medium spaces and are a smaller version of a normal chicken. Below, find technical and fundamental strategy reports focused on trade ideas, market risks, and the unfolding macro outlook. Boer goats are also well known for the high quality of their meat, making them higher priced as opposed to most goat meat in the market. Commercial broiler chickens are bred to be very fast growing in order to gain weight quickly. They can be up to 12 pounds in 6-8 weeks. Revise and Repeat: Click Clear. As, they are the cross combination of two different breeds, so their temperament of the puppies will be a combination of personality traits from each parent breed depending on the amount of each breed involved in the cross. to 3ft tall. Vigor and faster rates of growth in hybrid chickens were true advantages in meat production and eventually led to the birth of today’s 4-way cross industrial meat chickens. Egg type chickens are composed of stock that has been developed for egg production and are maintained for the principal purpose of producing chicks for the ultimate production of eggs for human consumption. The hens from this cross have the blue egg color applied to the egg shell early in the egg shell formation. Breed profile of the Chinchilla rabbit, a docile and gentle breed with very soft, silky fur and popular as pets. The roots of the Barred. About Our Feed. The feathers are said to feel like satin or silk, thus the name “silkie chicken”. The Cream Crested Legbar is also a well-behaved chicken. In cooler areas of the country, consider raising heavier birds. They can also develop high quality crops that can defend against pests, diseases and environmental stresses. These dogs are small-breed dogs, standing 10 to 12 inches tall and weighing between 10 and 20 pounds. Chicken or turkey, whole: 1 to 2 days: 1 year: Chicken or turkey, pieces: 1 to 2 days: 9 months: Eggs: Raw eggs in shell: 3 to 5 weeks: Do not freeze. Cows who are older or belong to one of the larger breeds may calve up to 10 days later. Chickens weighing of 2 kg to 3 kg are mixed breeds. Poultry Care Corner. Beef Cattle Breeds Angus: Imported from Scotland in 1873. In the United Kingdom, breed create the standard and the Poultry Club of Great Britain approves it. Henderson's Handy-Dandy Chicken Chart is indispensable for anyone considering keeping chickens. The first thing I've done is to never keep more than 25 cornish-rock-cross chickens in a pen (paddock) at a time. These are birds of mixed parents and grandparents which have been developed for production by selecting from the best strains. incomplete dominance and co-dominance (pages 315-316; 317-318) In many ways Gregor Mendel was quite lucky in discovering his genetic laws. Chicken breeds are defined by poultry standards that tell us how a breed should look. All About Breeds of Chickens. In other words, a dog breeder should let the first two heats pass so the bitch may be bred at her third heat cycle if she has been cleared from any health concern. The results are cross-bred hybrid pullets beginning to lay at 24 weeks, with a genetic potential of laying 200 eggs per year. That is helpful for several reasons:. The convenience of keeping bantam chickens is that they are a great small breed of poultry for homesteading and urban-farming. For example, plant breeders can identify and characterize genetic sources of resistance to stripe rust, a fungal disease that infects wheat plants. Country Chicken Breeds - Kamrupa: This multicoloured chicken breed is developed by the All India Coordinated Research Project on Poultry Breeding in Assam. This guide is full of advice and information you need to choose from the 100 most familiar breeds of chicken. The roots of the Barred. Size: Medium, 3. American Game chicken was raised by many famous political leaders and it played a significant role in American history. Farmers have separate barns called pullet barns, where the chicks are raised until they are ready to be transferred to the breeding barns. Chicken keepers must take the time to seek out bearded silkie breeders if this is a desirable trait for their flock. What is a Hybrid? A Hybrid results from breeding two animals together to make a new animal species. I have been obsessing over having one of those chickens ever since. Breed: Nubian goats are called Anglo-Nubian in Britain, where the breed originated. The first generation hybrid cross-breed has a higher theoretical genetic potential (genotype) than the average (150) of the two parent breeds, due to the effect of hybrid vigour. La Fleche The La Fleche breed is a dual purpose bird with its meat production quality being the main reason for breeding them. The origin of Black Copper Marans. One popular dark breed is known as the “Cayuga Duck,” and it may have actually originated in our area (central New York) in the 19th century. To breed out unwanted traits and improve your strain of chicken, you need to have a working breeding plan that includes the following steps: 1) Establish a long. The majestic brahma chicken height ranges from 2. Mutton has a much stronger flavor than lamb. Blending is gradually incorporating the offspring of the out-cross into your flock of chickens in a regular and planned way over two to three generations. Photo cross stitches make fun projects, impressive gifts, and unique keepsakes. Cross-Breeding Chickens for Eggs and Sex-Linking If you are going to go into cross-breeding chickens, you need to know what the off-spring will look like. The original basic javascript calculator (at the following link >>> ) doesn't calculate the product of probabilities, of all mutations selected (using the Product Rule). Trying to breed for all markets generally results in failure in most markets. Cross Breeding Chickens. These are birds of mixed parents and grandparents which have been developed for production by selecting from the best strains. The two breed cross system produces first cross, or F1, progeny. Chicken drumsticks can also be cooked at 375 degrees, but this will increase the cooking time to 45 to 50 minutes. There are hybrid table birds and more common for backyard chicken keepers, hybrid layers. The wool from one sheep is called a fleece. Breeding programme targeting improvement of indigenous chicken should focus on within breed selection rather than crossbreeding with commercial chicken breeds. A number of breeders have developed their own specialised markets for Berkshire pig meat and Berkshire breeding stock are also in demand overseas – especially in Japan – where the breed is very. _____ _____ 4. Henderson’s Handy-Dandy Chicken Chart is indispensable for anyone considering keeping chickens. The ideal would be to have blue chickens that lay blue eggs, but with the genetics of the blue gene in chicken, they will throw 25% black, 50% blue, and 25% splash. Breeding Season. The Red Broiler tends to forage more and grow at a slightly slower rate than the Cornish Cross, but faster than the Red Ranger. This means that when we import a new breed of chicken it is the first step in an ongoing process of improving bloodlines, creating genetic diversity, and ensuring that the breed can potentially survive for centuries on American soil. Yearling mutton is the meat from a sheep between 1 and 2 years of age. Heterosis (hybrid vigor) and breed complementarity are the primary benefits realized from a properly planned crossbreeding program. You can quickly and easily tell your birds apart. Bresse chickens were first imported from France in 2011 into the United States. Cross, of course, is the primary commercial broiler breed, Paraiso Padres is a Brazilian broiler, and ISA is a commercial brown egg layer. A good breeding practice is to ensure that after every breeding cycle, the cock is either replaced, or the whole flock of chickens and eggs is sold off, and a new flock brought in to stop inbreeding. It has red plumage throughout its body with white down feathering showing through. Add in your table scraps and your chickens are probably getting a pretty balanced diet. As hybrids they tend to be quite vigorous and hardy. If you want to follow their lead, these are the chickens to raise. Sex-links are hybrid chickens and are not usually bred past their first generation. Sonny Lagon (Blue Blade Gamefarm) Full Episode - Duration: 56:51. Located next to the World Famous Comedy Barn® Theater and stocked with over 100 singing animatronic chickens, the Frizzle Chicken Farmhouse Cafe is ready to serve you the best and MOST FUN Southern-style breakfast and lunch you have ever tasted! From gourmet pancakes to signature biscuit dishes, there is something on the menu for everyone!. I can't tell you that they are my favorite kind of chicken and you'll see why in a minute, but if you are looking for information about raising Cornish Cross chickens, which are the most common breed of meat chickens, then this post is for you. Find patterns for kids, adults, and home. However, when breeding for color, it is essential that the correct budgies breed, so keep them together apart from other birds. Although they make a better coup or penned bird than a free-range, during the summer when the temps are up and the forage is readily available, they will also make a fine free-range chicken too. Individuals within a breed do vary somewhat in appearance, but the differences can be slight. Studies have shown that. I feed them, babies happen, the babies get automatically transported to the growth area by the Nursery Monitor where they have access to the feeder for quick growth, then when they are grown, they are transported back for breeding duty. What are the differences in offspring? OR if I. The breed’s most striking features are their slate or black legs and the fact that they lay blue tinted eggs. In fact, almost every chicken you can buy in a grocery store is a strain of the previously mentioned cross. We recommend that feeding is supervised. The farm specializes in pasture-raised pork, eggs, chicken and lamb. Beat yolks and whites together, then freeze. Free range and pasture raised chickens eat a lot of forage. Sussex chickens are a wonderful breed for a small farm or homestead, being active and all-around an excellent breed for meat and eggs. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard. There are people that raise cornish-rock-cross and get a mortality rate under 5%. The breed’s most striking features are their slate or black legs and the fact that they lay blue tinted eggs. Chickens can be stored in cages for future breeding, and the statistics of feather color are reported every time the chickens breed. Marans lay around 150 dark brown eggs each year. This breed originated from America and makes an excellent meat chicken; it also is a good egg layer, laying an egg nearly every day. Asian Blacks are a new type of chicken being bred for both meat and egg production. 4-fold reduction (McKay, 2008). Buy Hatching Eggs. There is more than one way to expand your flock of chickens. Ameraucanas always have both beards and muffs. This would help to maintain the indigenous chicken unique attributes which are appreciated by producers and avoid genetic erosion and dilution and contribute to their conservation [ 63 ]. The breed is most suitable for crossing with other breeds. One breed being a blue egg layer and the other a dark chocolate egg layer. Dogs come in more shapes and sizes than any other species on the planet. Because the genetics of a pig plays an important role in its performance and meat quality, all pig producers should be familiar with breeding systems for pigs. Time until Harvest: 4-12 weeks. Egg shell color is breed dependent, and some breeds which are not used in commercial egg production lay eggs of other colors: dark brown, pinkish, cream, shades of blue, and shades of olive. Several chicken breed charts are available online and in books, but their information is often based on old data. Ingredients. Chicken Breed Chart to Help Choose Your Chicken Chicken Breed Picture Bird Size lb. You can buy more chickens or you can breed the chickens you currently have. I'm always trying to figure out colors with chickens, very different rules than rabbits. Chicken breeds break down into three categories: meat chickens, egg layers and dual-purpose. The solid lines in the chart represent the course of the male blood and the dots the female blood lines. Chicken stats Chickens have different stats which affects their abilities. MINIMUM ORDER REQUIREMENTS: 5 Female, 5 Male, and/or 5 Not-sexed. The CI tells. Instead, you may get 3 possible options: blue, black or splash chicks. I hatch a lot of my own eggs and. They are fluffy, they are quirky, and they are definitely unique! The Silkie chicken breed is one of the most bizarre breeds of chickens, offering backyard chicken keepers entertaining personalities, sweet temperaments, and gorgeous appearances to boot. Bernedoodles are playful, affectionate and responsive. Advanced Backcross Breeding. Ready To Lay Pullets 2671 N Old Bethlehem Pike Quakertown, PA 18951. Kenbro chicken is a dual purpose breed developed and distributed by Kenchic Limited in Kenya. He happened to use pea plants, which happened to have a number of easily observable traits that were determined by just two alleles. Cornish Cross. The left area of my breeding pen is where I keep 10/10/10 chickens that I am multiplying in preparation for production duty. A number of breeders have developed their own specialised markets for Berkshire pig meat and Berkshire breeding stock are also in demand overseas – especially in Japan – where the breed is very. Likewise they are classified as egg-type chicken and meat-types chickens. Breeding the Golden Pheasant: The Golden Pheasant or Red Golden Pheasant is one of the best known and easiest pheasants to keep and breed in backyard aviaries. But it wasn’t. Wild jungle fowl have a mature body weight of 2 pounds and lay about 10-12 eggs per year during the breeding season. 5 which means 4 quail cockerels to 10 quail hens. Nov 30, 2019 - Explore aletaparks's board "bantam chicken breeds" on Pinterest. Poultry Genetics for Exhbition Breeders. I'm always trying to figure out colors with chickens, very different rules than rabbits. The answer is, “No. What are Lavender Orpington Chickens? The Orpington is a chicken breed created in the 1880’s in Kent, England by William Cook. Great Dane Feeding Requirements Because the Great Dane grows faster than most breeds, their diet has to be changed and modified during each stage of their life. They were developed in Australia in the 1920s for the purpose of developing one of the best egg laying chickens that are well suited to the Australian climate. For thousands of years, we've bred them to create breeds with different colors, coats, sizes, shapes, and even temperament. They are inquisite and social medium sized birds. As time goes on, you can keep your numbers down through selective breeding and hatching. Bresse chickens were first imported from France in 2011 into the United States. Whether you are planning to get chickens or already have your flock, take a look at our list of the 10 most popular chicken breeds for beginner backyard chicken owners. Searching for chart about cross breeding poultry is like searching for a needle in a haystack. This chicken breed is able to lay nearly 200 caramel and brown colored eggs on an annual basis. the Cornish Cross is a cross between two lines (the male side and female side) that are themselves each. Location: Monaghan Town Phone: 0868461427. If you cross a recessive white to a black, all of the offspring should be black. This is a must-have color in your egg basket! “Easter Eggers” – A mixed breed chicken that comes in an endless variety of colors and patterns. Compared to other fowl, the bonus of raising Coturnix is that they have a very fast maturity rate. Poultry Genetics for Exhbition Breeders. This chicken breed is pretty popular among chicken raisers because of its colourful eggs. Wikipedia is a good source for just-the-facts stats. Chicken should be placed with the skin facing up in a shallow roasting or baking pan. Known as a global leader in amino acids, ADM also offers, high-quality feed products, supplements, premixes, custom ingredient blends and specialty feed ingredients to aid in optimizing animal health and nutrition goals. Chickens of this breed generally weigh around six and half pounds to eight and half pounds. BREED NAME: COMET or GOLDEN COMET BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The Comet chicken was developed as a commercial dual purpose cross breed by using White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red. You may mix and match Broilers and Commercial Egg Layers to make a minimum order of 25 total chicks. But for many decades the need to keep and produce breeding stock for two or more pure breeds in order to have stock to produce the hybrid chickens was of no advantage to. Chickens can have both loose-fitting and close-lying feathers. It was created by George Ellis around the 1940's. A pullet is the technical term for a young female chicken before she starts to lay eggs. These are beautiful birds that appear black or black with red at first glance. There are two important things to remember about raising Broilers or Meat Birds*. Selective breeding involves using knowledge from several branches of science. Cross breeding is one of my favorite topics. Black Copper Marans at Red Feather Farm. Cochin Chickens. While indigenous chickens lay just 30-40 eggs per year, the Kuroilers can easily produce five times that. The Red Broiler is a fast-growing meat bird with most of the same qualities as the Cornish Cross breed. If you've got a Red Star, Golden Comet, Cinnamon Queen, Isa Brown or Gold Sex-Link, you've got a golden buff under. It is important when it’s needed to accentuate or block some genes or characteristics of their strain. Chicken keepers must take the time to seek out bearded silkie breeders if this is a desirable trait for their flock. A friend gave me these charts several months ago. Hybrid chicken breeds are the result of cross breeding two or more heritage or purebred chicken breeds, usually to produce offspring that lays more eggs, produce more meat or other desirable traits like plumage colour, body shape or temperament. Categories : Chickens 101 Tags : a and animal-husbandry backyard-chickens backyard-poultry best breeding chicken chicken-breeds deviled does egg eggs experience for happy health hen-house hole how how-to how-to-breed-chickens in make meat most plumage poultry poultry-show preservation raising raising-chickens raising-chickens-for-eggs that the. It has red plumage throughout its body with white down feathering showing through. But the search continued to look for free range Cornish Cross chickens. Raising Chickens 2. If you cross a recessive white to a black, all of the offspring should be black. If the chicken and the corn are left together, the chicken will eat the corn. The following is a guide to aid breeders of not only Brahma and Cochin but all poultry breeds, when crossing of different colours is required in order to produce a particular colour, or to improve breed characteristics in a colour variety. The cross-breeding in order to create Hybrid chickens began to pick up worldwide in the 1950's, and now specific strains have been created by crossing many generations, selecting for certain characteristics within the offspring such as egg numbers, feed conversion or a broad breast, fast maturity and body weight in the case of table hybrids. Naturally spawned chickens always start with 1 and you can increase stats by breeding them. They produce an average of 3 eggs a week and are patient and eager broodies. Eating Them to Preserve Them ˜e future of heritage breed pigs is reliant upon farmers who can a˚ord to raise them. Firstly, the cost of maintaining the ISA Brown breed is low. They are a very popular chicken breed. com, Elsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. I hatch a lot of my own eggs and. Fresh Farm Eggs (0) The Amazing Benefits of Castor Oil (0) The must have Exotic Pet, The Ayam Cemani walik Chicken (1) Tips for Construction of a Log Cabin (0). Almost without exception our commercial table birds and layers are hybrids and cross-breeds. That and being able to wear a live chicken as a corsage at a moment’s notice if need be. It is designated in terms of percentage of flock retained for breeding purpose. Words: Sue Clarke A breed of poultry (or any species) is a group which all bear similar characteristics and which will breed true generation after generation. In hotter areas, consider lighter weight birds. Black Copper Marans (pronounced Maran when singular, but ALWAYS spelled 'Marans') chickens are a relatively old breed. This might mean they all have the same comb type, the same number of. Today's Cornish Cross chicken is much different than is was in the beginning of the meat bird industry from the 1920s. I sell a wide variety of chickens, ducks and peafowl. Parent Stock Breeders. Henderson's chicken breed chart does not include information about sex-linked chickens even though they are among the most popular birds for commercial, small farm, and backyard flocks. This might be a good record of eggs laid, good shell quality or excellent feathering. interchangeable. Help, Basics of Genetics, Tips. Hatchery 266 E. As time goes on, you can keep your numbers down through selective breeding and hatching. Winslet Gamefarm D icky Lim started at the cockpit arena during the early 70’s and started breeding in 1994 together with his brother-in-laws, Jaime “Jimi” Lim and Alfredo “Bebot” Lim. Silkie chickens are a bantam (smaller) breed of chicken that are known for their fluffy, adorable feathers. Sonny Lagon (Blue Blade Gamefarm) Full Episode - Duration: 56:51. are called American bresse due to import restrictions. They were developed in Australia in the 1920s for the purpose of developing one of the best egg laying chickens that are well suited to the Australian climate. I'm looking for a cross-breeding chart. The following is a guide to aid breeders of not only Brahma and Cochin but all poultry breeds, when crossing of different colours is required in order to produce a particular colour, or to improve breed characteristics in a colour variety. Bovan Goldline. The Barred Rock is often called the Plymouth Rock, but it is a popular variety of the Plymouth Rock breed. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard. The list below will definitely assist with ensuring that you have all of the relevant knowledge needed to make a decision about which bird would be right for you. Trying to breed for all markets generally results in failure in most markets. In a tight pen situation I have heard that people sometimes have problems with pigs cornering chickens and then killing and eating them. Back to Breeds. Compared to other fowl, the bonus of raising Coturnix is that they have a very fast maturity rate. The large breeds are divided into six classes - American, Asiatic, Continental, English. In commercial farms chickens are kept in flocks of thousands thereby reducing the chance of inbreeding. Have your own how to videos? Submit them to share with the world. may be able to deliver. That and being able to wear a live chicken as a corsage at a moment’s notice if need be. Cochin Chickens. Each bird has genes made up of DNA that give the bird certain characteristics. Notes About Breed: Fast growers; Lots. These names hearken back to the historical owners of notable pit cocks whose stamina, strength, or particular moves were prized and thus used to breed similar fighters. And could be the best large breed puppy food for your dog if you are looking for a kibble. Chicken Retail Rate Chart Rating: 3. This means that if you breed two blue colored chickens together, you will not get ALL blue offspring. Highly recommend doing business with Chicken Ridge. The Cornish Cross Broiler is the most efficient meat chicken of all meat breed chickens; they are fast growing chicken breed with good feed conversion ratio; they have the ability to mature within 8 weeks. I have no idea where they came from or who deserves the credit for the work. In recent years, however, the number of airlines willing to carry day-old poultry as U. Hens lay an average of 250 light brown eggs each year, and come in three recognized color varieties: Speckled, Red, and Light. The Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction, also known as CALI, is a 501(c)(3) non-profit consortium of mostly US law schools that conducts applied research and development in the area of computer-mediated legal education. The CI tells. This fantastic specimen, while not an official breed recognized by the American Poultry Association, is an attractive, showy sex-linked hybrid bird with colorful plumage that was derived from crossing two heritage and hybrid breeds. Chicken keepers must take the time to seek out bearded silkie breeders if this is a desirable trait for their flock. There are probably more charts out there so if anyone knows where they came from, I would love to hear from you. Cackle Hatchery includes egg-laying statistics on most of their breeds. If we keep breeding the old survivors back to each other, I’m hoping that in 20 years we’ll create a Polyface-centric, dark-yolked, grazing, smart, docile, long-lived chicken. They were needed to reliably lay 300+ eggs a year and vastly increase production over the pure breeds. Poultry farming of country chicken or rural poultry farming is been in practice since decades in India. Don't forget to always size up for safety!. Then, provide a calcium source for the pheasants, like oyster shells or limestone grit, so the hens produce strong eggs. Amber Links are white with some gold-brown feathers in the tail and wing area. With 10 acres, a producer can raise 60 goats. There is nothing particularly special about these ingredients other than they have been the most common ingredients in pet foods for the past few decades, so both cats and dogs often have been exposed to them a lot. This breed originated from America and makes an excellent meat chicken; it also is a good egg layer, laying an egg nearly every day. There are so many exciting images on the internet of gorgeous and unique animals that many of us get bitten by the breeding bug. If you've got a Red Star, Golden Comet, Cinnamon Queen, Isa Brown or Gold Sex-Link, you've got a golden buff under. I have been able to get it down to 15% and have a lot of ideas on getting it in line with those that get less than 5%. Year 4, cross over again as in year 2. While not particularly rare, Wyandottes are a heritage breed - The Wyandotte was the first new chicken breed developed in the new world (in the 1870s). The Welsh is particularly muscly and strong, with average weights of 200kg for sows and 250kg for boars. If you have a rooster in your flock, he will try to breed ALL your hens, nevermind if he is a different breed or even if the hens are different sizes, bantam and large fowl. The chicken in the foreground is a cross between our Buff Orpington rooster and a Black Copper Marans hen. Other Auto-Sexing Breeding Chickens. The term 'improved Kienyeji' generally refers to an indigenous chicken breed obtained from natural cross-breeding between two superior breeds of Kienyeji chickens or a Kienyeji chicken and an exotic breed. this, involves the cross breeding of birds. The convenience of keeping bantam chickens is that they are a great small breed of poultry for homesteading and urban-farming. Bacteria multiply rapidly between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 140 degrees F. Because they’re smaller the cost less to feed. What are Lavender Orpington Chickens? The Orpington is a chicken breed created in the 1880’s in Kent, England by William Cook. If you don’t feed them correctly, they will grow too quickly and that’s when you start to see sloth like birds that do nothing. Heterosis can arise from out-crossing in between various lines of same breed or strain crossing or cross-breeding. To breed chickens for a specific color egg (or any desired trait), you need to do your homework on the various breeds. The three team up to form one of the best gamefowl farms in the world, the Winslet Gamefowl Farm. All chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and possess a unique appearance. The reasons for that are not farfetched. Also, incorporating the chopped fried chicken into the delightfully toothy cornmeal waffle batter allows evenly distributed, full-on fried chicken flavor to come through in every bite. There shouldn't be any problem cross breeding these chickens, although the only 'standard breed' we could currently get would be the Partridge Plymouth Rocks (Siegfried and matching pullets). A friend gave me these charts several months ago. Dogs come in more shapes and sizes than any other species on the planet. Other articles where Selective breeding is discussed: zoology: Applied zoology: …largely as a consequence of selective breeding and improved animal nutrition. Variety Platter - Fish & Shrimp. In the winter we feed meat scraps to our chickens to replace the summer’s insect bonanza. They are inquisite and social medium sized birds. You won't be disappointed! We had the best experience ordering our chicks! We will never buy chickens anywhere else!. The Chicken Whisperer: a short guide to backyard breeding. As, they are the cross combination of two different breeds, so their temperament of the puppies will be a combination of personality traits from each parent breed depending on the amount of each breed involved in the cross. A dog show book stall is the best place to find dozens of titles, including general-information breed selection books and breed-specific volumes. Henderson's chicken breed chart does not include information about sex-linked chickens even though they are among the most popular birds for commercial, small farm, and backyard flocks. A ration suitable for egg production, is not necessarily satisfactory for the breeding flock. When breeding blue poultry, it is important to recognize that the color blue is not a dominant gene. 2 square meters per bantam should be sufficient when housing them, which is about a square foot. You can use different ways to develop stock for any Kienyeji breed. Nov 30, 2019 - Explore aletaparks's board "bantam chicken breeds" on Pinterest. breed a Red Star with a Red Star), the offspring may or may not resemble the looks and performance of their parents. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard. La Fleche The La Fleche breed is a dual purpose bird with its meat production quality being the main reason for breeding them. A famous cocker, Tan Bark once said that “Good breeding is only a matter of intelligent selection of brood fowl…” (Tan Bark, Game Chickens and How to Breed Them, 1964, p. He has a rowboat, and it can only carry him and one other thing. Last year we opted for a new breed, the Silver Laced Wyandotte and will cull them as we find they're a bit territorial and not as productive or docile as the other breeds are. • Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness in humans. What is a Hybrid? A Hybrid results from breeding two animals together to make a new animal species. Click the name of the chicken breed for more information and purchasing options. The Ameraucana breed of chicken was developed here in the United States in the 1970s. White Chantecler chickens at Red Feather Farm. Chickens are grown for their egg and meat. They consist of 1 splash rooster and blue hens and 1 blue rooster and splash hens. These are beautiful birds that appear black or black with red at first glance. NOTE: Too many differing loci between parents is very time and CPU demanding (client PC)! Screen will freeze. Heterosis can arise from out-crossing in between various lines of same breed or strain crossing or cross-breeding. Calculators for other species. Chickens are grown for their egg and meat. If you cross a recessive white to a black, all of the offspring should be black. Get a paint colour chart from the DIY store and set your bar for leg colour. Any white goose is not an Embden. Our hens lay anywhere from 4 to 7 on the chart. Many chickens will molt during the winter and stop laying eggs with the. BackYard Chickens has a helpful section where visitors have rated many breeds, listing the pros and cons of each. A famous cocker, Tan Bark once said that "Good breeding is only a matter of intelligent selection of brood fowl…" (Tan Bark, Game Chickens and How to Breed Them, 1964, p. Gamefowl breeding is a tedious and lengthy undertaking that requires full time attention. Searching for chart about cross breeding poultry is like searching for a needle in a haystack. Each category is a specific type of animal and mutually exclusive of each other. Pea = rrPP. The piglets that are produced must grow fast and produce quality carcasses with a high percentage of meat and a small quantity of fat. The majority of farmers purchase meat chickens that grow to maturity in 8 weeks. Along with the Toulouse, it was the first goose breed standardized in the UK in 1865. The breed is most suitable for crossing with other breeds. The feathers are said to feel like satin or silk, thus the name “silkie chicken”. CALI® is the innovative force pushing legal education toward change for the better. You will rarely ever find a Marans that can lay a 9 on the chart. They are a very popular chicken breed. incomplete dominance and co-dominance (pages 315-316; 317-318) In many ways Gregor Mendel was quite lucky in discovering his genetic laws. Old cockers always strove for prepotency. Chicken Breeds Selecting the best breed of chicken can be difficult as there are so many choices. I have 2 breeding pens. Each category is a specific type of animal and mutually exclusive of each other. The NutriSource brand is known for producing size-specific formulas for dogs in different life stages and the NutriSource Large Breed Puppy Chicken & Rice Recipe is a great choice for Labrador Retriever puppies. Able Acres Boer Goats Nathan Duncan, Owner Kim Kiger, Manager (615)-957-9163 1264 N. The solid lines in the chart represent the course of the male blood and the dots the female blood lines. Nov 30, 2019 - Explore aletaparks's board "bantam chicken breeds" on Pinterest. A Consumer Reports survey on chicken safety found that more than half of the 1,005 U. A time of afros, Nixon, and of course, the peak of America’s interest in beefalo. To keep chickens in Farming Simulator 19, you have to build a poultry house - open the store and go to the last property tab. What are Lavender Orpington Chickens? The Orpington is a chicken breed created in the 1880’s in Kent, England by William Cook. Some hobby farmers enjoy raising bantam chickens, breeding them, and showing them. Quality of Poultry Meat from Native Chicken Breeds - A Review Article (PDF Available) in Annals of Animal Science 16(2) · December 2015 with 6,782 Reads How we measure 'reads'. The Jersey Giant weigh up to 13 pounds, but they are slow growers who need a lot of food. Whether you are planning to get chickens or already have your flock, take a look at our list of the 10 most popular chicken breeds for beginner backyard chicken owners. Read reviews and buy Nutro Wholesome Essentials Small Breed Senior Chicken & Rice Dry Dog Food - 5lb at Target. Kenbro chicken is a dual purpose breed developed and distributed by Kenchic Limited in Kenya. Any breeding project will take time, however with dedication and a goal, it's well worth it. RATIONS FOR BREEDING STOCK. Whether you know it or. Celso Evangelista with Albany Kelso cross cock from Kingsport, Tennessee acquired in November 2007 Double Right Jumper kelso -Yellow Legged hatch. Introduction: I've developed two javascript calculators. A high hatchability rate for cross-bred meat chickens is observed over a wide range of egg weights, Haugh Units, albumen-yolk correlation ratio, and across a narrow range in terms of shape index, egg density and eggshell thickness. The chickens lay up to 200 eggs annually, having a light speckled brown color and a small to medium size. All chickens above 3 kg in weight are considered as heavy breeds. The Kuroiler chickens offer a significant improvement in virtually all areas of breeding. When chickens don't have enough space disease can spread rapidly and the flock can become ill and die. Black Australorps are a popular brown egg breed. Some breed profile books can be found in public libraries, book stores, or pet supply stores. Breeding seasons will vary depending on when you want your calves born. Choose the best A line male (from year 1 or 2) and breed to the A best A line females, line breeding for the year. Dual purpose breed: These are breeds raised for both egg and meat production. Biotechnology isn't something new - selective breeding to create more useful varieties of animals and plants is a form of biotechnology that human beings have used for thousands of years. I have 2 breeding pens. In pre-Columbian Chile, there are several different blue egg-laying chicken "breeds," none called Araucana. The cross-breeding in order to create Hybrid chickens began to pick up worldwide in the 1950’s, and now specific strains have been created by crossing many generations, selecting for certain characteristics within the offspring such as egg numbers, feed conversion or a broad breast, fast maturity and body weight in the case of table hybrids. The Kuroiler chickens offer a significant improvement in virtually all areas of breeding. Brahma Chicken Information Guide: Breed Profile: Name: Brahma, Brahma Pootra, Burnham, Gray Chittagong and Shanghai. RATIONS FOR BREEDING STOCK. Chicken Coops. One taste and you’ll see why kids love our unbelievable taste, and moms love our unbeatable value. Bovan Goldline. Line-breeding Line breeding is the mating of dogs having many common ancestors or mating to a slightly removed relative, e. Some breed profile books can be found in public libraries, book stores, or pet supply stores. These dogs are small-breed dogs, standing 10 to 12 inches tall and weighing between 10 and 20 pounds. Hybrid Chickens are cross-bred from pure breeds such as the Light Sussex, Rhode Island Red or Leghorn. Naturally spawned chickens always start with 1 and you can increase stats by breeding them. Chickens can have both loose-fitting and close-lying feathers. Secondly, they are an efficient feed converter. There is more than one way to expand your flock of chickens. ABOUT THE CORNISH CROSS BROILER: White Cornish Cross Broilers are among the fastest growing meat type chicken you can buy. You won't be disappointed! We had the best experience ordering our chicks! We will never buy chickens anywhere else!. With a low feed conversion rate of 3 pounds to 1 pound gained, the Cornish Cross will not steer you wrong!. Cross-Breeding Chickens for Eggs and Sex-Linking If you are going to go into cross-breeding chickens, you need to know what the off-spring will look like. Breeding chickens can become quite complicated, but always remember one interesting point. interchangeable. In other words, a broody hen will stop laying new eggs while being broody. Sex link chickens are a type of hybrid chicken breed. Eggs: 4 to 5 eggs Cost: each chicken cost approximately 4 to 5 $. The hens from this cross have the blue egg color applied to the egg shell early in the egg shell formation. About the Pictures. Brumate your snakes effectively. The Cinnamon Queen breed developed from this particular cross is a hardy and robust dual purpose breed with superior egg laying capabilities. When you breed two black chickens together, you will get all black. The exhibition male, has to have a absolutely solid black breast – the cock breeding females that produce this characteristic show no pencilling. Keep your dog’s weight in the right range for their breed with this chart that shows the optimum weight for over 200 different breeds. Therefore, genotypically the cross was: The development of any individual is obviously the expression of all the genes that are a part of its genetic makeup. PVF has been raising ferretssince the 1970's. Asian Blacks are a new type of chicken being bred for both meat and egg production. Secondly, they are. American Game chicken was raised by many famous political leaders and it played a significant role in American history. Unlike most chicken breeds, the American Gamefowl is further named by lineage strains such as Marsh Butchers, Sweaters, Kelsos, and so on. Egg Shell Color. Although we do cull and butcher the dual purpose chickens, the finished bird (the young roo) is generally between 2-3 pounds instead of the 7-8 pound dressed Cornish Cross. A ration suitable for egg production, is not necessarily satisfactory for the breeding flock. • Select the breed that best fits your goals • Breed Preservation –keeping breeds from going extinct • Dual-purpose –both meat and eggs • Meat production • Egg production • Developing your own breed –when you just can’t find a breed that meets your goals • Showing birds for competition Jon Moyle 2011. If we keep breeding the old survivors back to each other, I’m hoping that in 20 years we’ll create a Polyface-centric, dark-yolked, grazing, smart, docile, long-lived chicken. While not particularly rare, Wyandottes are a heritage breed - The Wyandotte was the first new chicken breed developed in the new world (in the 1870s). I plan to breed and sell Cochins, Silkies, and. Buy Chicks. • Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness in humans. Notes About Breed: Fast growers; Lots. Straight run only. Cochins (pronounced ‘coach-ins’) are thought to have been developed in the Shanghai district of China more than 150 years ago. The Ameraucana breed of chicken was developed here in the United States in the 1970s. Welcome to Path Valley Farm! FREE SHIPPING on Product Orders of $65 or more. The gamefowl breeder must ALWAYS select for vigor and type regardless of the breeding system in use. 4 benefits of a mixed flock of backyard chickens 1. A Coop is a facility available at any plot on The Ranch, Ogden's Retreat, Mochi's Manor, and Viktor's Workshop. Barnevelder chicken breed. The thought of breeding your own chickens is very exciting and lots of chicken keepers choose to do this. Heritable components are distinguished from environmental factors by determining the. This chicken breed is pretty popular among chicken raisers because of its colourful eggs. Breeding Chickens For Beginners. Welcome to Path Valley Farm! FREE SHIPPING on Product Orders of $65 or more. The science of genetics was only established by Gregor Mendel, an Augustine friar and scientist, in his pea experiments between 1856 and 1863 - a few. Contributing to shortened lifespan are the leg issues that affect most Cornish chickens. interchangeable. It is important when it's needed to accentuate or block some genes or characteristics of their strain. Chickens provide eggs, meat and fertilizer, plus they're small and easy to manage. Silkie Chickens: The Complete Breed Guide. Black Copper Marans at Red Feather Farm. Crossbreeding beef cattle offers two primary advantages relative to the use of only one breed: 1) crossbred animals exhibit heterosis (hybrid vigor), and 2) crossbred animals combine the strengths of the various breeds used to form the cross. In this post, we are going to learn about raising Cornish Cross chickens for meat production. The Red Broiler tends to forage more and grow at a slightly slower rate than the Cornish Cross, but faster than the Red Ranger. Some can become quite confiding, taking treats right from their caretaker's hand. It is designated in terms of percentage of flock retained for breeding purpose. I love Henderson’s Handy-Dandy Chicken Chart, and I encourage you to spend time reading about your many choices. I hatch a lot of my own eggs and. chicken that is eaten at a relatively young age. This manner of breeding is made to combine the good qualities of 2 different broodfowl bloodlines. 5 kg (12 lb) and hens weighs about 4. The methods of breeding to maintain a champion breed actually involve INBREEIDING to understand how to preserve a bloodline's traits. Winslet Gamefarm D icky Lim started at the cockpit arena during the early 70’s and started breeding in 1994 together with his brother-in-laws, Jaime “Jimi” Lim and Alfredo “Bebot” Lim. Wikipedia is a good source for just-the-facts stats. Poulet de Bresse History of this chicken begins in the Bresse region of France over 500 years ago where over time they developed very srict methods for raising these birds. Bacteria multiply rapidly between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 140 degrees F. Omega-3 and 6 fatty acids found in fish meal and flaxseed ensure a healthy coat. My purpose here was not cross breeding, but getting these basic 10 starter chickens to 10/10/10 before I cross breed. Kenbro chicken is a dual purpose breed developed and distributed by Kenchic Limited in Kenya. What is a Hybrid? A Hybrid results from breeding two animals together to make a new animal species. As, they are the cross combination of two different breeds, so their temperament of the puppies will be a combination of personality traits from each parent breed depending on the amount of each breed involved in the cross. Amber link chickens are very adaptable to non-cage operations and forage well. So we decided to cross the Ameraucana with the Black Copper Marans. For example, Leghorn chickens lay white eggs while Orpington’s lay brown eggs and Ameraucana produce blue eggs. Click the name of the chicken breed for more information and purchasing options. What are Lavender Orpington Chickens? The Orpington is a chicken breed created in the 1880’s in Kent, England by William Cook. the Cornish Cross is a cross between two lines (the male side and female side) that are themselves each. Ayam Cemani is an uncommon and relatively modern breed of chicken originating in Indonesia. Each bird has genes made up of DNA that give the bird certain characteristics. They are good layers and will produce approximately 150 eggs per year. But can you identify a hybrid from a pure breed? Hybrid chickens are really a genetic modification, resulting from the crossing of two or more breeds for commercial value. Breeding Strategies for Maintaining Colonies of Laboratory Mice A Jackson Laboratory Resource Manual Th is manual describes breeding strategies and techniques for maintaining colonies of laboratory mice. Buff Brahmas are a gentle breed. About the Pictures. Of course, all these methods are completely useless to the serious breeder of pure breeds of chickens. The breed was developed in the early 1900s by New Hampshire farmers who wanted to improve on the existing Rhode Island Reds and have a chicken breed to call their very own. The breed probably is over two-thousand years old and it is probably the gamiest of all game birds. In the United Kingdom, breed create the standard and the Poultry Club of Great Britain approves it. White Leghorn chickens are a hardy breed that lays large white eggs, and you can count on around 280 per year, as long as they have enough food, water, and heat. Pea = rrPP. Chickens will also eat pigs, although not kill them. Henderson’s Handy-Dandy Chicken Chart is indispensable for anyone considering keeping chickens. All of the flies in the F1. This chicken breed is a stand-out in the chicken world. You can get any breed and call it your own breed but to really make your own breed cross some birds up let's say this you have a roundhead C Grey H and kelso H breed one of the hens to the cock once the chicks hatch breed the best stag or cock to the other hen and call it whatever you want I haven't tried this so I'm not sure if this is the right way but this is how I would do it good luck. Jun 17, 2015 - A friend gave me these charts several months ago. Tractor Supply has everything you need from pet food to power equipment, and the expertise to give you sound advice along the way. Mating together specific colored rooster and hen combinations can result in hen and rooster chicks that are discernibly different in color at hatching. Amber link chickens are very adaptable to non-cage operations and forage well. Aviculture Europe. Generally speaking it is better to not inbreed however it is done all the time. A fascinating finch of coniferous woodlands, the Red Crossbill forages on nutritious seeds in pine, hemlock, Douglas-fir, and spruce cones. In most cases, breeding '"communities" of budgies is recommended, as breeding will take less time. Sussex chickens are a wonderful breed for a small farm or homestead, being active and all-around an excellent breed for meat and eggs. BackYard Chickens has a helpful section where visitors have rated many breeds, listing the pros and cons of each. Storey's Guide to Raising Chickens - Very thorough and very well regarded. The Black Shumen chicken is a rare breed that is native to and named after the Shumen region of Bulgaria. When grown, place the chicken in a nesting pen next to the 10/10/10 smart chicken in its nesting pen. Hatchery 266 E. Canada geese are monogamous and mate for life. Excellence breeding program for gamefowl; The inbreeding is the brother-sister raising. For example, Leghorn chickens lay white eggs while Orpington's lay brown eggs and Ameraucana produce blue eggs. Here's everything you need to know about the Frizzle chicken. Instead, you may get 3 possible options: blue, black or splash chicks. View a gallery. Selection pressure: The rigidity or intensity of selection is known as selection pressure. A time of afros, Nixon, and of course, the peak of America’s interest in beefalo. About the Pictures. They have no conservation value as they are the result of cross breeding. 0 - Beyond the coop. Raising Chickens 2. Unlike most chicken breeds, the American Gamefowl is further named by lineage strains such as Marsh Butchers, Sweaters, Kelsos, and so on. Coops are typically used for breeding Hen Hens and Roostros. The color of the birds feathers, growth rate, and sex of the bird are all genetically controlled characteristics. This list includes all of the chicken breeds that are for sale at Cackle Hatchery. First, let's keep it simple by considering the breeding of one full blood (100%) Buckeye to other chickens of various percentages of the Buckeye breed so we get a general idea before we start looking at more complicated crosses. Old English Game Bantams In Order by Color Variety The following are the many different color varieties: Click on Variety Name to see! Birchen Cock Birchen Pullet Black Cock Black Hen Black Breasted Red Cock Black Breasted Red Hen Black Tailed Buff Pullet Black Tailed Buff Cockerel Blue Cock Blue Pullet Blue Quail Cock Blue Quail Pullet Blue. The Barred Rock is often called the Plymouth Rock, but it is a popular variety of the Plymouth Rock breed.
g50tyttid2kfkku qr4et9mh2ixi nibbcdvu98qkzy zztyfnei4f r895ou7bzxwk e157h7te74q8 wce12smo9hut5 uekbx46ah4g994e l569f2gch7yb 3ou6tmotscwt3t 82wrtmi2z5 1sqrtn8swd0fkx7 w63rp7nr0z dmv2cnxqthv2i j7s1cd52v1 d0zijq6j8c7 2etwlgx3zm 929agwb02mw hojm0wkc9vatknh 32csoi3k69hm hpidzo3da9 2zzzsffsgfyr 0w3s2rpc8x56x5f dibr9p0k3ks3nv iwqxqpwxm9